In Central Virginia – 110 miles southwest of Washington, D. C.; 70 miles west of Richmond. Albemarle County is bordered by Greene, Orange, Nelson, Fluvanna, Augusta, Buckingham, Rockingham and Louisa Counties.
Albemarle County was formed in 1744. In 1761 the county government was moved to Charlottesville, which was established as a town in 1762.
Charlottesville and Albemarle County cover 750 square miles and are located within the Piedmont Plateau with an elevation of 870 feet above sea level. The city of Charlottesville covers 108 square miles and is surrounded by Albemarle County.
Charlottesville and Albemarle has the modified continental climate with mild winters and mild and humid summers. The average temperature from June to August is 75 degrees and the average for December through February is 37 degrees. The Average annual rainfall is 47.29 inches and snowfall is 24.2 inches.
Out of a total of 473,600 acres, 186,567 acres are in farms with an average farm size of 249 acres. Over 293,000 acres were forest land. There are many cattle and horse farms, including a buffalo farm. Apple orchards and vineyards are also fairly common.